history of the ev

Electric vehicles (EVs) have a rich and complex history that spans more than a century. Here’s a closer look at the key milestones that have shaped the evolution of EVs.

The first experiments with electric propulsion can be traced back to the early 19th century. In 1828, Hungarian inventor Ányos Jedlik created a small-scale electric car that was powered by a motor he designed. However, it wasn’t until the 1830s that electric propulsion started to gain traction. In 1835, American inventor Thomas Davenport built the first practical electric vehicle, a small locomotive that ran on electrified tracks. Despite this early success, electric vehicles remained a curiosity for several decades.

The first commercially successful electric vehicle was developed by Thomas Parker, a British inventor who built an electric car in 1884. Parker’s car used rechargeable batteries to power an electric motor, and it was capable of travelling up to 100 miles on a single charge. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, electric vehicles started to gain popularity, especially as urban taxis.

Despite their early popularity, electric vehicles faced several challenges that contributed to their decline. One major obstacle was the lack of infrastructure for charging electric vehicles. Petrol and diesel-powered cars were able to refuel quickly at gas stations, while electric vehicles had to be charged slowly from a dedicated charging station. This made electric cars less practical for long-distance travel.

The other major issue was the limited range of electric vehicles. Early electric cars could travel only 30-40 miles on a single charge, which made them less practical for many drivers. Additionally, the cost of batteries was high, which made electric vehicles more expensive than petrol-powered cars.

In the 1920s and 1930s, combustion engined cars became more affordable, both petrol and diesel became more widely available, which contributed to the decline of electric vehicles. Electric cars became a niche product for specialised applications, such as forklifts and golf carts.

In the 1960s and 1970s, concerns about air pollution and dependence on foreign oil sparked a renewed interest in electric cars. Several automakers developed prototype electric vehicles, including General Motors, which built the GM EV1, the first mass-produced electric vehicle in the late 1990s

Despite their potential, electric vehicles remained a niche product for several decades. However, advancements in battery technology and government incentives have helped to spur a resurgence of interest in electric cars in recent years.

These are just a few of the companies that are leading the way in EV manufacturing today. As the market for EVs continues to grow, we can expect to see more and more companies investing in this space.